Approach wedge Vs Pitching wedge (Which one to use?)

Imagine being just a few yards away from the green, having a chance at par or even birdie, yet wondering whether I should use the approach wedge or the pitching wedge? When the wrong choice can cost you a perfectly good shot, knowing which wedge to use becomes empirical.

Well, if it’s any consolation, I’ve been right where you are. After spending countless hours trying to perfect my swing, I used to face the frustration of standing on the fairway, uncertain about which club to select. However, through the advice from seasoned golfers, and studying the intricacies of these clubs, I’ve transformed that uncertainty into confidence.

To answer the question of, Approach wedge or pitching wedge, you have to consider factors, like the distance to the hole, the lie of the ball, and the desired trajectory of your shot. An approach wedge suits short, delicate shots, while a pitching wedge balances distance and accuracy for mid-range shots. Wind, pin position, and comfort also matter.

Here in this post, I will share my valuable learning outcomes with you by going through the differences between approach wedges and pitching wedges. We will explore their distinct characteristics and examine the factors that should influence your club selection. By the end of this guide, you will be able to choose the right wedge when conditions become confusing.

So, without further ado, let’s get into it.

Lets first get an overview of both.

Approach Wedge:

Before we dive deep into the nuances of these wedges, it’s essential to grasp their basic concepts. An approach wedge, also known as a gap wedge, is a short-range club with a higher loft angle, designed for accurate and controlled shots often used between 70 and 90 yards from the hole. These wedges bridge the gap between pitching and sand wedges.

Pitching Wedge:

Similarly, a pitching wedge is a club with a slightly lower loft angle than an approach wedge. It’s primarily used for mid-range shots ranging from about 90 to 110 yards, providing a balance between distance and accuracy. Golfers often resort to pitching wedges when they’re too distant for a shorter wedge yet too close for a longer iron.

Quick Comparison: Approach wedge Vs Pitching wedge

Approach wedge Vs Pitching wedge

Let’s have a look at what both these wedges have to offer.

The Approach Wedge has good control for short shots around the green, within 90 yards. Its loftier trajectory aids soft landings. Conversely, the Pitching Wedge targets mid-range shots, offering a balanced flight from 90 to 100 yards. Approach Wedges can maneuver around obstacles while Pitching Wedges balance distance and precision.

Comparing the Factors

To make the choice easier for you, I am going to discuss the specificities that come with each of these wedges, like the amount of loft they have, the distance that can be covered, the trajectory they form, the control and versatility they offer.


Let’s begin with the loft. The approach wedge has a higher loft angle of about 50-52 degrees as compared to the pitching wedge. This loftier angle causes the ball to go higher into the air, resulting in a softer landing.

On the other hand, the pitching wedge’s slightly lower loft of 45 degrees produces a more penetrating flight, resulting in a controlled roll upon landing.


The approach wedge can hit the ball within a distance of approximately 70 to 90 yards. It’s the one for accurate short-distance shots. Beyond this range, and the pitching wedge takes the course, operating between 90 to 110 yards, the pitching wedge offers a comfortable balance between maintaining accuracy and covering that slightly longer distance.


ball trajectory

The approach wedge, with its higher loft, gives a steeper trajectory. In cases where you want the ball to land softly and hold its position without overshooting it, this trajectory is most beneficial. On the other side, the pitching wedge’s trajectory is slightly flatter.

This characteristic is helpful when you’re looking to cover a mid-range distance with accuracy. Once you learn how to use the trajectory factor, you can easily maneuver around obstacles and reach your target distance.

Shot Control:

The approach wedge is known for delicate shots, offering great spin control. Its design lets you shape shots around obstacles, giving you the upper hand in tricky scenarios. Meanwhile, the pitching wedge balances between spin and distance.

However, there is room for rollover after landing with this wedge.


Both these wedges are quite versatile. The approach wedge is our gap-filling savior, bridging between shorter and mid-range shots. Whether it’s a pitch shot, full swing, or bunker play the approach wedge helps in all conditions. But it’s not helpful when you’re attempting longer approach shots.

On the other hand, the pitching wedge extends to a broader spectrum of conditions like chip shots, punch shots, or even approach shots. However, they aren’t often used for bunker shots.

Limits and Considerations

After discussing the amazing benefits each of these wedges offers, you would want to put them both in your bag. However, the United States Golf Association (USGA) sets a limit of 14 clubs for a player to carry during a round. In this count, you have to include drivers, irons, putters, and, of course, wedges. With this restriction, golfers are challenged to decide what to keep and what to give up.

Given that most players already include the pitching wedge and sand wedge in their bags, introducing an approach wedge becomes difficult. You can either replace your pitching wedge with the approach wedge, or you can keep all three of these wedges and exclude a long iron or fairway wood.

The former way you will get greater control and distance coverage on approach shots while the latter option will have you compromise on longer shots. At the end of the day, the choice of wedges depends upon each golfer’s specific playing style and the course conditions he usually faces.

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Wrapping up


It’s important to remember that approach wedge or pitching wedge is not an either or choice, rather, it’s about choosing the right club at the right time. The approach wedge is the ideal candidate for short shots, especially when navigating hazards. While the pitching wedge bridges the gap between mid-range shots.

But what should be the final choice? It’s crucial to assess your playing style, course conditions, and even the weather on the day. Is it a windy day that demands a low-flying shot to combat the wind? Or does the pin placement require a shot with more spin to hold on to the green? Access all these conditions and decide accordingly. It’s always better to carry both wedges, so you can adapt to the challenges a game presents.


Q) Is an approach wedge the same as a pitching wedge?

A) No, an approach wedge and a pitching wedge are not the same. They are different types of wedges in a golfer’s bag. An approach wedge has a higher loft angle and is designed for shorter shots around the green, typically within 90 yards. On the other hand, a pitching wedge has a slightly lower loft and is often used for mid-range shots, covering distances from around 90 to 110 yards. So, while they share the term “wedge,” they serve different purposes and offer varying characteristics on the golf course.

Q) What wedge lofts should a golfer carry?

A) A golfer typically carries a set of wedges with varying loft angles, including a pitching wedge (around 44-48 degrees), a gap or approach wedge (around 50-52 degrees), and a sand wedge (around 54-58 degrees). The specific lofts depend on the golfer’s skill level and the gaps they want to cover in their distance game.

Q) Approach wedge vs pitching wedge: Which is the most popular on the tour?

A) The pitching wedge tends to be more popular on the tour due to its versatile nature. It’s often favored by professional golfers because of its ability to handle a variety of distances effectively. While the approach wedge certainly has its place in a golfer’s bag, the pitching wedge’s balanced characteristics make it a go-to choice for many tour players when navigating different shot scenarios on the course.

Q) How does wedge selection impact the game?

A) Wedge selection has a profound impact on the game of golf, shaping critical aspects of a golfer’s shots. The choice of wedge directly affects shot distance, trajectory, spin control, and overall shot accuracy. It’s an important decision that can differentiate between a seasoned player and a beginner.