What is pitching wedge: Explained & Demystified

When you enter the world of golf wedges, the extensive range from sand to lob wedges, makes your head spin faster than a golf ball on the green. But worry not! I have dived into this sea of wedge choices and brought for you the ultimate all-rounder. The pitching wedge!

From beginners to seasoned golfers, having a pitching wedge in your bag is a must. It’s the one club that adapts to various situations on the course. Every iron set comes with a pitching wedge, and there’s a good reason for it. With a loft of 42-46 degrees, the pitching wedge fits right between your 9 iron and gap wedge. It bridges the gap, ensuring a wide range of shots.

So, What is Pitching wedge?

A pitching wedge is a type of golf club, featuring a loft typically ranging between 42-46 degrees. It fills the gap between a 9 iron and a gap wedge, making it versatile for various distances and shot scenarios on the golf course. It is considered essential for golfers of all skill levels due to its adaptability and usefulness in approach shots, chip shots, and bunker play.

After spending countless hours researching the pitching wedge, I have decoded it. From its ideal usage scenarios to how far it hits the ball, and even the intricacies of its structure. So without further delay, let’s get into it.

What is pitching wedge?

What Is Pitching Wedge

From the family of wedges, a pitching wedge is the one with the lowest loft, of about 42-46 degrees. Covering a distance of 100 to 120 yards, it is said to bridge the gap between mid-irons and wedges in a golfer’s bag. When you need accuracy and control for approach shots as well as chip shots around the green, the pitching wedge is your go-to wedge. Visually, it shares the resemblance to irons but often stands out due to its slightly higher loft and distinctive design.

The purpose of a Pitching Wedge

After getting the basic definition, you may wonder, what is the purpose of having this wedge in my bag? The answer is its versatility; among the four wedges, the pitching wedge hit the most extended distances.

And at the same time, it is also helpful when you’re closer to the green and need precision. Its loft and design enable controlled shots, allowing you to overcome obstacles, bunkers, and challenging terrain with ease. Whether you’re about to hit a pitch shot, a chip shot, or even a gentle shot over an obstacle, the pitching wedge has your back.

To understand it better, let’s learn about what loft, distance, spin, trajectory, and bounce it has to offer.

Loft and Distance

The pitching wedge’s loft, typically ranging between 42-46 degrees, is designed to produce a shot that balances between height and distance. The distance it covers depends upon gender, age, and skill level you possess.

On average, the loft angle of a pitching wedge enables you to hit a distance of 100 to 120 yards easily. With this distance, you can use it for approach shots as well as chip shots around the green.

Bounce and Spin Control

ball spin

Bounce refers to the club’s interaction with the turf. Generally falling between 7 and 11 degrees, the bounce of the pitching wedge positions it as a mid to high-bounce club. This degree of bounce prevents digging into the ground, especially in softer conditions. This design, combined with grooves on the clubface, enhances spin control, providing you with enough backspin for precise stopping.


When it comes to your pitching wedge shaft, maintaining a consistent feel is important. A rule for the average golfer is to opt for the same shaft in their pitching wedge as they do in their irons. This subtle move can significantly enhance your game by providing you with a uniform feel across your clubs.

On the other hand, a standard pitching wedge shaft measures between 35.75 and 36 inches in length, varying slightly by brand. So, if the 37.25-inch all-iron shaft feels too long for your pitching wedge, a 36-inch standard shaft will work just fine.


The trajectory that a ball will follow after hitting your pitching wedge lies between that of iron and other wedges. When you’re aiming for longer shots, the pitching wedge’s trajectory is most helpful.

Its loft, while higher than the irons, provides a balance between the steep rise of wedges and the penetrating flying of irons. It means you can cover more distance while still having a decent amount of control over your shot’s landing.

Ball Position

When it comes to where to place the ball for a standard pitching wedge shot, positioning the ball in the middle of your stance will provide the best results.

Why? Well, it’s where the club meets the ground at the lowest point of your swing.

ball position

This setup lets you connect with the ball just right. However, every golfer has a unique style of playing. So, if this position doesn’t suit you, find out where your swing’s low point lies and hit accordingly.

Recommended Read: Why do golfers slice the ball

When to use a Pitching Wedge?

After getting to know about What is pitching wedge, now let’s talk about when…

The pitching wedge isn’t just another club, it’s one of the most versatile clubs you can have for specific golfing situations. Let’s break down the situations where it comes in handy.

  • Precision Approach Shots – When you’re not too far from the green and need accuracy, the pitching wedge is useful. Its loft lets you hit shots that land softly and predictably.
  • Bunker play – When you’re facing sand traps, the pitching wedge allows you to scoop the ball out of the sand with enough height to clear the obstacle while still maintaining control over the shot.
  • 120-yard shots – The pitching wedge’s loft, usually around 42-46 degrees, allows you to use it in any shot that has a distance of about 100 to 120 yards. If you have the expertise, you can make it distance shorter or even longer, whatever you need.

The different wedges you might confused in

Wedges come in different flavors, each serving a unique purpose on the golf course. To avoid mixing up your clubs, here’s a quick comparison to distinguish between gap, sand, and lob wedges.

1⃣ Gap Wedge: This wedge fills the gap (hence the name) between your pitching wedge and sand wedge. With a loft slightly higher (48-50 degrees) than the pitching wedge, it is useful for mid-range shots.

2⃣ Sand Wedge: Designed to save you from the bunkers, the sand wedge has a higher loft (54-56 degrees) and a unique bounce design. Its shape and loft help you scoop the ball out of sandy messes with ease.

3⃣ Lob Wedge: The lob wedge has the highest loft (58 to 60 degrees), enabling you to hit high, super-short shots.  When you need the ball to land softly and stop quickly, the lob wedge is your go-to wedge.

Summing it up

As we wrap up this guide about the incredible pitching wedge, remember that this club holds the power to transform your game. Understanding its loft, trajectory, and role in various scenarios is your ticket to golfing excellence.

But knowledge alone isn’t enough. Practice is an integral part of golf. Take your pitching wedge to the course and experiment with different shots. The more you play the more you’ll understand how this wedge works for you. The journey of golfing is a continuous learning process. So keep practicing and don’t shy away from seeking help where needed.


Q) What is the difference between a wedge and a pitching wedge?

A) A pitching wedge is a specific type of wedge used in golf that falls between mid-irons and other wedges in terms of loft and distance. It typically has a loft angle ranging from 42-46 degrees. On the other hand, the term “wedge” is a broader category that encompasses different types of clubs, including sand wedges, gap wedges, and lob wedges. While all pitching wedges are wedges, not all wedges are pitching wedges. Pitching wedges are known for their versatility and are primarily used for approach shots, chip shots, and bunker play, offering a balance between distance and accuracy.

Q) What is the use of a pitching wedge?

A) The pitching wedge is used for a variety of shots in golf. Its primary uses include approach shots from distances of around 100-120 yards, chip shots around the green that require precision and soft landings, and bunker play to lift the ball out of sand traps. The pitching wedge’s loft and design make it suitable for controlled shots, allowing golfers to navigate obstacles and achieve accurate distances. It’s a versatile club that enhances accuracy and control in various scenarios on the golf course.

Q) Can you use a 9 iron as a pitching wedge?

A) While a 9 iron and a pitching wedge have distinct loft angles and designs, you can use a 9 iron in situations where you’d typically use a pitching wedge. However, the results might vary due to the differences in loft and shot trajectory. The pitching wedge’s higher loft and specific design make it better suited for certain shots requiring softer landings and more control.

Q) What is a 60-degree wedge called?

A) A 60-degree wedge is commonly referred to as a “Lob Wedge” in golf. It’s a specialty wedge designed to provide a very high loft, making it ideal for hitting short shots that need to get up quickly and stop abruptly, such as when you’re trying to clear an obstacle or land the ball softly on the green.

Q) Do you hit a pitching wedge like an iron?

A) Yes, you generally hit a pitching wedge similarly to how you hit an iron. However, due to its higher loft, you might need to make slight adjustments. Focus on a consistent stance, grip, and posture. The ball position should be centered or slightly forward in your stance. Remember, the loft of the pitching wedge will naturally create a higher trajectory, so you may not need a full swing for shorter distances. Practice and experimentation will help you refine your technique for optimal pitching wedge shots.

Q) Do I need a pitching wedge if I have a sand wedge?

A) Yes, having a pitching wedge alongside a sand wedge is beneficial because they serve different purposes. While both are wedges, the pitching wedge has a lower loft than a sand wedge. The pitching wedge is versatile for approach shots, controlled chip shots, and longer distances, whereas the sand wedge is specialized for bunker play and high, short shots. So, having both clubs in your bag allows you to tackle a wider range of golfing scenarios effectively.

Q) How do you hit a pitching wedge for beginners?

A) For beginners, hitting a pitching wedge involves a few key steps:

  • Stand with feet shoulder-width apart, parallel to the target line. Grip the club comfortably, aligning the clubface square to the target.
  • Place the ball in the center of your stance.
  • Keep your backswing smooth and controlled.
  • Transition smoothly into the downswing, shifting your weight from the back foot to the front foot.
  • Strike the ball with a slight descending blow, making contact with the ball first and then the turf.
  • Let the club head continue its path after impact, extending your arms and rotating your body toward the target.